As of 2013 three international naval task forces operated in the region, with numerous national vessels and task forces entering and leaving the region, engaging in counter-piracy operations for various lengths of time. There is broad agreement among piracy experts that complacency has contributed to the current surge. Seine Geschäftsidee ist einfach: Sein Kreuzfahrtschiff ist der Köder für die Piraten. In 2008, there were 111 attacks which included 42 successful hijackings. Hostage of Somali pirates react as they arrive at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi on October 23, 2016 after being freed. Between 2009 and 2010, the government of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia enacted a number of reforms and pre-emptive measures as a part of its officially declared anti-piracy campaign. Large cargo ships, oil and chemical tankers on international voyages became the new targets of choice for the Somali hijackers. "We have been relying on offshore containment, but the best way to combat piracy is through onshore solutions," he says. It is delivered to them in burlap sacks which are either dropped from helicopters or cased in waterproof suitcases loaded onto tiny skiffs. Al-Shabaab members have also extorted the pirates, demanding protection money from them and forcing seized pirate gang leaders in Harardhere to hand over 20% of future ransom proceeds. , On 8 April 2009, four Somali pirates seized MV Maersk Alabama 240 nautical miles (440 km; 280 mi) southeast of the Somalia port city of Eyl. Cole believes that carelessness has stoked the threat, with vessels failing to adhere to the best practices document. On 28 May 2007, a Chinese sailor was killed by the pirates because the ship's owners failed to meet their ransom demand. Blijf altijd op de hoogte van het laatste nieuws via de snelste en leukste nieuwssite van Nederland, 24 uur per dag en 7 dagen in de week | pzc.nl He added that he believes the toxic waste dumping is "a disaster off the Somali coast, a disaster (for) the Somali environment, the Somali population", and that what he terms "this illegal fishing, illegal dumping of waste" helps fuel the civil war in Somalia since the illegal foreign fishermen pay off corrupt local officials or warlords for protection or to secure counterfeit licenses. Such longstanding, deep-rooted issues will not be easily resolved. An escalation began, leading to weapons being used and tactics such as taking over a foreign ship until their owners paid a ransom.  To lure fish to their traps, foreign trawlers reportedly also use fishing equipment under prohibition such as nets with very small mesh sizes and sophisticated underwater lighting systems.. The former UN envoy for Somalia, Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, has stated that "because there is no (effective) government, there is … much irregular fishing from European and Asian countries," and that the UN has reliable information that European and Asian companies are dumping toxic and nuclear waste off the Somali coastline. But adhering to BMP4 alone is unlikely to resolve the issue long term. , Following the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, allegations have emerged that after the outbreak of the Somali Civil War in late 1991, Somalia's long, remote shoreline was used as a dump site for the disposal of toxic waste. On 14 January 2011, while speaking to reporters, Commodore Michiel Hijmans of the Royal Netherlands Navy stated that the use of hijacked vessels in more recent hijackings had led to increased range of pirating activities, as well as difficulty to actively thwart future events due to the use of kidnapped sailors as human shields.. , According to the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), a veritable industry of profiteers has also risen around the piracy. INS Tir returned fire in which three pirates were injured and caused the pirates to raise a white flag indicating their surrender. Beyond this, Elmi would like to see causes of piracy addressed such as poverty -- the country is wracked by. , The tanker Aris 13, which had been carrying fuel from Djibouti to Mogadishu, was hijacked off the coast of Somalia on 13 March 2017. The three international task forces which compose the bulk of counter-piracy operations are Combined Task Force 150 (whose overarching mission is Operation Enduring Freedom), Combined Task Force 151 (which was set up in 2009 specifically to run counter-piracy operations) and the EU naval task force operating under Operation Atalanta. , According to the head of the UN's counter-piracy division, Colonel John Steed, the Al-Shabaab group in 2011 increasingly sought to cooperate with the pirate gangs in the face of dwindling funds and resources for their own activities.  On the advice of lawyers, the Royal Navy and other international naval forces have often released suspected pirates that they have captured because, although the men are frequently armed, they have not been caught engaging in acts of piracy and have thus not technically committed a crime.  The rate of attacks in January and February 2009 was about 10 times higher than during the same period in 2008 and "there have been almost daily attacks in March", with 79 attacks, 21 successful, by mid-April.  According to Sky News, around 50% of the world's containers passed through the Horn of Africa coastline as of 2012. Since 2010, pirates have mainly operated from the Galmudug region to the south. , The first European trial of alleged Somali pirates opened in the Netherlands in May 2010. In addition to naval patrolling and marine capacity building, the shipping industry implemented Best Management Practices (BMP) in the Piracy High Risk Area (HRA), a maritime area bounded by the Suez and the Strait of Hormuz. Entire hamlets were in the process reportedly transformed into boomtowns, with local shop owners and other residents using their gains to purchase items such as generators for uninterrupted electricity. Large numbers of unemployed Somali youth began to see it as a means of supporting their families. However, the pirates themselves prefer to be called badaadinta badah or "saviours of the sea" (often translated as "coast guard"). In the United States alone, the National Cargo Security Council estimated that between $10–$15 billion were stolen from ports in 2003, a figure several times higher than the projected global cost of piracy. Piraten hebben in de Golf van Aden en in het Somalisch Bassin de afgelopen jaren de volgende aantallen schepen aangevallen: 2009: 214 2008: 111 Niet alle aanvallen resulteerden in kapingen. On 11 May 2010 Somali pirates seized a Bulgarian-flagged ship in the Gulf of Aden. Panega, with 15 Bulgarian crew members aboard, was en route from the Red Sea to India or Pakistan.  Control Risks attributed this 90% decline in pirate activity from the corresponding period in 2012 to the adoption of best management practices by vessel owners and crews, armed private security onboard ships, a significant naval presence, and the development of onshore security forces.  In May 2010, construction also began on a new naval base in the town of Bandar Siyada, located 25 km west of Bosaso, the commercial capital of Puntland. The majority took place in Nigerian waters. It is unlikely the men will be returned to Somalia after their sentence, as Somalia is considered too dangerous for deportation. , On 1 April 2010, USS Nicholas was on patrol off the Somali coast when it took fire from men in a small skiff. For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for . , According to Nick Nuttall of the United Nations Environmental Programme, "Somalia has been used as a dumping ground for hazardous waste starting in the early 1990s, and continuing through the civil war there", and "European companies found it to be very cheap to get rid of the waste, costing as little as $2.50 a tonne, where waste disposal costs in Europe are closer to $1000 per tonne. The ship was on its way from the United Arab Emirates to Mogadishu port when it was attacked. The boat would be used as a "mother ship" by its captors to launch further attacks, Ali Shire, mayor of the town of Haabo, The attack is the latest in a series of hijackings in the designated High Risk Area (HRA) off Somalia since the, The region had seen a steady decline in piracy over recent years, after gaining notoriety for the frequency of attacks around the turn of the decade. In 2010, Somali pirates hijacked 49 ships and took over 1,000 hostages, according to the. To authenticate the banknotes, pirates use currency-counting machines, the same technology used at foreign exchange bureaus worldwide. In part to further curtail piracy activity, the London Somalia Conference was convened in February 2012. , According to Roger Middleton of Chatham House, "The problem of overfishing and illegal fishing in Somali waters is a very serious one, and does affect the livelihoods of people inside Somalia […] the dumping of toxic waste on Somalia's shores is a very serious issue, which will continue to affect people in Somalia long after the war has ended, and piracy is resolved".