wo liegt oberschlesien

Wo liegt Oberschlesien? However, this arrangement fell apart when upon the death of Bolesław III and his testament the fragmentation of Poland began, which decisively enfeebled its central authority. In 1919, after World War I, the eastern part of Prussian Upper Silesia (with a majority of ethnic Poles) came under Polish rule as the Silesian Voivodeship, while the mostly German-speaking western part remained part of the Weimar Republic as the newly established Upper Silesia Province. Radio Mittendrin is a German-Polish Internet radio station of the German minority. The exact border, the maintenance of cross-border railway traffic and other necessary co-operations, as well as equal rights for all inhabitants in both parts of Upper Silesia, were all fixed by the German-Polish Accord on East Silesia,[11] signed in Geneva on May 15, 1922. German civilians, as well as Nazi criminals, were interned in labor camps such as the Zgoda labour camp. 122,781 votes and three mandates. The last pre-WW1 general census figures available, are from 1910 (if not including the 1911 census of school children - Sprachzählung unter den Schulkindern - which revealed a higher percent of Polish-speakers among school children than the 1910 census among the general populace). ), Prace Geograficzne, No. After the First World War the region was divided between Poland (East Upper Silesia) and Germany (West Upper Silesia). Oberschlesien ist der südöstliche Teil der historischen Region Schlesien, der heute größtenteils in Polen liegt. In the 16th century, large parts of Silesia had turned Protestant, promoted by reformers like Caspar Schwenckfeld. In contrast to the situation in Lower Silesia, where almost the totality of the pre-war population that was expelled was exclusively German-speaking, the pre-war population of Upper Silesia was in considerable number Roman Catholic mixed bilingual that spoke both German and Polish dialects, and their Polish linguistic skills were considered solid enough for them to be kept in the area. In Upper Silesia, metallurgy, mining and other heavy industry branches are developed. Learn how to create your own. From the Middle Silesia fortress of Niemcza, his son and successor Bolesław I Chrobry (992–1025), having established the Diocese of Wrocław, subdued the Upper Silesian lands of the pagan Opolanie, which for several hundred years were part of Poland, though contested by Bohemian dukes like Bretislaus I, who from 1025 invaded Silesia several times. Within the adjacent Silesian Beskids to the east, the Vistula River rises and turns eastwards, the Biała and Przemsza tributaries mark the eastern border with Lesser Poland. In 2010, RAS (Ruch Autonomii Śląska) had 8.49% of the votes in the Silesian Regional Assembly, i.e. Upon its dissolution after 906, the region fell under the influence of the Přemyslid rulers of Bohemia, Duke Spytihněv I (894–915) and his brother Vratislaus I (915–921), possibly the founder and name giver of the Silesian capital Wrocław (Czech: Vratislav). Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk;[1] Czech: Horní Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Latin: Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic. In the north, Upper Silesia borders on Greater Poland, and in the west on the Lower Silesian lands (the adjacent region around Wrocław also referred to as Middle Silesia). A good many German-speaking Upper Silesians were relocated in Bavaria. Die Auswanderung von Oberschlesiern in die Bundesrepublik und die DDR, Wendezeit – Die Jahre 1989/1990 in Polen aus Sicht der oberschlesischen Deutschen, Schönwald – Ein fränkisches Dorf bei Gleiwitz, Siedlungen böhmischer „Hussiten“ im ehemals deutschen Oberschlesien, Das sprachliche Porträt der Region im 20. The majority of the German-speaking population that had not fled was expelled, an activity that was euphemized as "transfers [to] be effected in an orderly and humane manner" in accordance with the decision of the victorious Allied powers at their 1945 meeting at Potsdam. Lower Silesia and most of Upper Silesia were occupied by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the First Silesian War and annexed by the terms of the Treaty of Breslau. [citation needed]. The expulsions of German-speakers did not totally eliminate the presence of a population that considered itself German. The man's costume is now called an ancug, this name is mainly associated with a suit. Drei deutsche Grenzprovokationen aus dem Jahre 1939. Also the total land area in which Polish language was spoken, as well as the land area in which it was spoken by the majority, declined between 1790 and 1890. In the southernmost areas, also Lach dialects were spoken. Die Volksabstimmung und die Teilung der Region in den Jahren 1921–1922. According to the 9th century Bavarian Geographer, the West Slavic Opolanie tribe had settled on the upper Oder River since the days of the Migration Period, centered on the gord of Opole. Since the 9th century, Upper Silesia has been part of (chronologically) Greater Moravia, the Duchy of Bohemia, the Piast Kingdom of Poland, again of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire, as well as of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1526. Figures (Table 1.) Latest Financial Press Releases and Reports, Making Sense of Illustrated Handwritten Archives. Herkunftsorte meiner Vorfahren in Schlesien. Jahrhundert geändert wurden, Polnisch oder tschechoslowakisch – ein vergessener Konflikt um das südliche Oberschlesien, Warten auf den dritten Weltkrieg: Die Stimmungslage in Oberschlesien nach 1945, Abstimmung mit den Füßen. With the fall of communism and Poland's joining the European Union, there were enough of these remaining in Upper Silesia to allow for the recognition of the German minority in Poland by the Polish government. The Polish Upper Silesian territory covers most of the Opole Voivodeship, except for the Lower Silesian counties of Brzeg and Namysłów, and the western half of the Silesian Voivodeship (except for the Lesser Polish counties of Będzin, Bielsko-Biała, Częstochowa with the city of Częstochowa, Kłobuck, Myszków, Zawiercie and Żywiec, as well as the cities of Dąbrowa Górnicza, Jaworzno and Sosnowiec). 51), Krzysztof Gwozdz (2000) "The Image of Upper Silesia in geography textbooks 1921-1998", in: Boleslaw Domanski (Ed. It is currently split into a larger Polish and the smaller Czech Silesian part, which is located within the Czech regions of Moravia-Silesia and Olomouc.

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